The Paris metro is one of the oldest in the world and unique in its kind. French workers, along with English, were the first pioneers, so confusing system gridiron can meet a variety of unusual design and engineering solutions. For more than a century, a couple of hundred kilometers of tunnels and around 300 stations were built in Paris. Some of the stations, with time, were not in demand, and subsequently closed to passengers. Past these ghost stations every day sweep without stopping the train, and their only visitors: street artists and photographers.
Reach stations can be abandoned, having reached in the intervals between trains or during night bypass, mixed with workers. So we did it with his comrades. For convenience, all the stations I have divided into sections.
Unauthorized entry into the subway tunnels is life-threatening and may lead to imposing a penalty!
1. Croixe rouge (The Red Cross)
One of the most famous Paris Metro stations closed. From 1923 to 1939 year, Croixe Rouge station viewed end on line 10. However, after the extension of the use of the station was unprofitable – all passenger traffic was possible to distribute between the two neighboring that Paris authorities did. The station remains closed to this day.
3. Ironically, the station name is not associated with the International Red Cross Committee, and takes its name from the area of Carrefour de Croix-Rouge, appeared the 18th century. In 2005 in the area of Plose renamed to Michel Debre.
4. On the walls of rampaging paint colorful graffiti. Get noticed in the subway tunnel is not too much difficulty, which is used by street artists.
5. Some figures have more than 30 years …
6. An empty box in the center of the station.
2. Saint – Martin №1
Station Saint – Martin is just 4 tracks and connects the two lines cross-platform interchange. In fact they are two independent stations, separated by a wall. However, in order to get from one station to another, you have to go through the tunnel to the first sboyka to another line – crosswalks between the platforms are closed on the grid.
Station Saint – martin worked only 9 years (from 1931 to 1939) and as well as the Croix Rouge, was closed at the beginning of the war. Although before the war the station was actively used by passengers, after its completion, it has not been reopened. The reason was the optimization of the traffic and the proximity to the two adjacent stations “Strasbourg and Saint-Denis” – the distance between the nearest to each other yield is only 100 meters away.
9. Between the two paths are made station arched openings.
11. Closure of the transition to the next line.
13. The passing trains on the adjacent track.
14. send to a second station Saint – Martin.
3. Saint – Martin №2
Moving away a little from the station through a small tunnel fall in a short connecting tunnel. Another 100 meters and we are on the other line …
16. The current path.
17. Pay attention to the contact rail (bottom right). He is without a casing. In the Paris Metro. Therefore, the current running through the tunnels, you need to constantly be on the alert, which adds not a little adrenaline.
18. Saint Station – Martin on the next line is different from the interior walls of a neighbor – here flows smoothly into the ceiling.
19. In the 1990s, the station was chosen by the homeless of Paris. This forced the RATP service in 1999 to officially announce solidarity Space Station (Espace Solidarité Insertion) and provide for the use of the Salvation Army. Part of the platform was fenced wall, where the item is located the homeless.
20. The closed part of the platform.
21. On the walls of the station remained posters 30s.
22. The portal of the tunnel.
23. View of the platforms of the two ton.
Arsenal station opened in 1906, and she worked as many as 33 years. When, in France in 1939 declared a general mobilization, members of the Resistance used the station as an ammunition depot. After the liberation of Paris, the City Council took the decision not to open the station of – the proximity of neighboring, because even at the time of its operation, the flow of passengers there was small.
25. Part of the platform from the tracks is fenced by a fence.
5. Champ de Marc (Champ de Mars)
The station was opened in 1913. At the beginning of World War II, the government has implemented plans to reduce services in the metropolitan network. Only 85 stations remained open for passengers. After the war, most of the stations were reopened, but some, like the Field of Mars, recognized as unprofitable, therefore, unprofitable and are abandoned to this day.
28. A typical design with two platforms and the arch-shaped arch.
31. Closed exit from the station. Part stairs converted into a ramp for the transportation of technical equipment.
32. The opposite, unlike the first, on – half closing. Behind it, in closed rooms, buzzing ventilation.
34. In the station is arranged quite “interesting” system gridiron.
36. One of the ways and all rests on the impasse.
37. The reason for this – the appearance of cross platform transplantation station La Motte-Picquet Grenelle.
6. The station Porte des Lilas – Cinema
This station is also not available for passengers, but is used for night trains sludge and filming movies and commercials. Hence its second name – Cinema. The station Porte des Lilas was opened in 1921 and has worked as a part of the line 3 until 1935, after which it was attached to the line 11. At the end of the 60s there was a necessity of construction of current deadlocks and reorganization 3bis line. To implement this project, it was built near the same name station – understudy, and the original Porte des lilas, was closed.
On the walk to the station Porte des lilas, and following it Haxo, I even tell a little story:
… It was close to midnight. On the penultimate train we hit the road – to the station to Porte des Lilas. Platform by this time nearly empty. On the bench we were sleeping Paris bums – they’re here for the night. No they are not kicked out of the warm underground. Make sure no one is watching us, we jumped on the road and the quick step left to side track fork. Already missed the last train, plunged into a one-way tunnel connecting lines 3 and 7-BIS – BIS.
41. After 200 meters seemed closed station Porte des Lilas, where the train was standing on the balance of the night.
43. After passing the station, and passed another 300 meters, we found ourselves in a spacious chamber congress. Deadlock on the right connects the tunnel with circulating current deadlocks station Porte des Lilas 3-bis line.
44. In the end, the camera was broken congresses and tunnel turned into two single-track. Right – aside Ateliers station, left – to the Place des Fetes.
45. Since 1956, the second path is not used. However, getting there still did not work – the tunnel was completely blocked by a massive grille. So we went to the left, toward the station Place des Fêtes.
46. After 300 meters, around the corner, seemed abandoned single platform station «Haxo» …
7. Station Haxo
Haxo station was built as an intermediate in the connecting region between the lines 3 and 7-BIS-BIS, but it was never used for its intended purpose. Project to compound 3 and 7 lines (if they have not called 3-bis of the and 7-bis) between the stations of Port des Lilas and Pré Saint-Gervais (Pré Saint-Gervais) was conceived in the early XX century and was supported by the municipality, which belonged railway network.
The company of railroads Paris Metro, operate the way, opposed the project because of its low profitability. However, two of single tunnel – the path of de Fet Place des Fetes to Porte des Lilas with Naho intermediate station, and “shuttle path» (voie navette) in the opposite direction without intermediate station – were constructed. However, only a “shuttle path”, it was decided to put into operation. Trains were on it from 1921 to 1939, but the movement of the segment after the war, it was decided not to renew, since by that time 11 line has already connected the Place de Fetes and Porte des Lilas. In the years 1952-1956 “shuttle Way” became for a time accessible to passengers, although in restricted mode: here were tested first pneumatic rolling stock MR-51 and automatic piloting. Often passengers, especially children, even allowed to sit in the driver’s cab and “manage” the train. However, in regular commercial service segment was not introduced. As for Acxo station, it has never been put into operation, and does not even have outputs.
48. Currently, there is a project to merge 3bis line with the line 7 bis the new line that connects the station Château Lando line 7 (Chateau-Landon) and 3 lines Gambetta (Gambetta). In this case, you may Acxo station will be completed and open for passengers.
49. We continue the path toward the station Place des Fetes.
50. After 200 meters, behind the next turn is shown standing on the night sludge composition.
51. After the composition of standing by, we were at the next fork. Where – that in the distance could be seen the station platform Place des Fêtes …… AND 2 SERVICE WORKER in black waistcoats, hurrying towards us !!!
52. Run back did not make sense – certainly by Haxo already the second group, so they decided to hide between the roof of the train and the tunnel vault. Distance narrow but all-squeeze managed to still be invisible from below.
The search continued for a long time, but in the end unsuccessful, and three diggers from Russia brought to the station. Making sure that we did not have a balonchikov with paint, as well as intentions to paint a train, the RATP employees, rewriting data, soon we were released. And at the station and went to sleep harmoniously homeless …
Bonus # 1: A two-level crossroads between stations Odéon and Cluny – La Sorbonne.
In addition to the abandoned station, I want to talk about other unusual places of the Paris subway. One of them – a huge tunnel with two-level Congress, built in 1925.
54. In the center of a huge tunnel is a connecting path, leaving a dead end, located at Odéon station
55. The first 100 meters of the tunnel why – is equipped with those.
56. View of the junction at the top.
Bonus # 2: Underground train wash
In addition to the usual items of sludge and train service in the Paris metro are very real washing of cars, such as this – close to Place d’Italie station.
58. This section of the tunnel was built in 1906.
59. The current strengthening of the arch of the tunnel.
60. Passing trains.
61. Reversal deadlock.
62. The connecting tunnel.
63. Rails usual duplicated rails for trains on rubber wheels.
64. Perhaps the most popular view in the subway tunnels.
Bonus # 3: RER Châtelet les Hales
In the ’60s public transport in Paris was heavily overloaded and suburban traffic was carried out only in railway stations. An excellent solution to this problem was the creation of a commuter system messages with short transfers by metro. Huge tunnels for double-decker trains, deep location, great speed and … uneven timetable. The last point creates some unpredictability to the urban explorer, because the intervals between trains are constantly changing … In comparison with the RER is much more spacious; they are called “stations, cathedrals,” it is one of the largest underground railway stations in the world.
66. Congresses cameras in RER look very big. The height of the arch of the tunnel can be up to 8 meters!
67. The depth varies from 0 to 60 meters. It is also one of the deepest underground facilities of Paris.
68. The tunnels are built of concrete tubing.
69. Unlike the metro, RER run in from cover to shelter, urban explorers, much longer. Besides, as I have already mentioned intervals vary widely. Do not Calculate the force between one of desertions, we kontse- in all, it was seen the engineer of one of the passing trains. After some time in the tunnel including working lights, traffic intervals greatly increased, and the train moved very slowly (probably looking for us). The probability of escape unnoticed tends to zero … All next door on the way, and they can be easily and soon we left the cave, go unnoticed and unharmed That’s the beauty of fire France norms obliging to keep open exits for evacuation.
70. That’s all. As you can see, to get to most places in the underground Paris is not of great complexity, but it is always worth remembering about the safety and caution when crossing the contact rail (he had no guard)!
Hopefully, this review is for you interesting and informative. Abandoned angled entrance to the station from the street.