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How Nowadays Looks the Famous Prison-Islands

Although most famous prison-islands become museums, some still active.

Spike, Ireland

1. Spike Island in The Cork Harbor was once a Victorian prison. Convicts held here from 1847 to 1883.

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2. The real hell on earth considered solitary confinement. On the island, killing more than a thousand prisoners. They are buried in unmarked mass graves.

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3. Some fell on Spike because today is not considered a crime. They were sentenced to hard labor.

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4. Today the island attracts many tourists.

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5.

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Alcatraz, United States

Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay – the island that is not necessary to represent. He is well known for Hollywood movies and books. First appeared on the island of protective fort, then a military prison, and only then – a federal maximum security prison for dangerous criminals.

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The prison operated on the island 30 years before closing in 1963. There were serving sentences of Al Capone, Machine Gun Kelly, and other criminals.

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In 1973, the island opened to tourists. It is visited annually by about one million visitors.

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Well all know the famous movie “The Rock” about the prison.

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Robben Island, South Africa

This island in the Atlantic Ocean is 12 km from Cape Town. Robben Island The name means ‘seal island’ – once here were carried out in a number of these animals. From 1846 to 1931 on the island operated colony-leper colony, but here exiled not only leprosy but also the insane or considered.

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Later, during apartheid, Robben Island served as a state prison maximum security. There were kept Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Robert Sobukwe and other fighters for rights and freedoms.

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The last political prisoner left the island in 1991, but five years remained Robben Island prison.

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Now the island is a World Heritage Site and a popular tourist destination.

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Devil’s Island, French Guiana

At 13 km from the coast of French Guiana is Devil’s Island area of ​​14 hectares. In 1852-1952 years he served as a prison for dangerous criminals, and went down in history as one of the most notorious prisons in the history of hard.
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Among murderers and thieves are held and political prisoners. Most of the 80,000 prisoners died on the island. One of the prisoners was unjustly accused French artillery captain Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish origin. Nowadays Bloody Island is annually visited by more than 50 thousand tourists.

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Fire Island, Russia

The famous Vologda penny – one of the seven correctional colonies of special regime for life prisoners in Russia. Today in the IR-5 contains almost 200 prisoners. They are all guilty of the death of at least two people.

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The colony is located in the former St. Cyril Novoezerskom monastery founded in 1517. After 1917, the monastery was turned into a prison for the “enemies of the revolution.”

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Later there was a colony for political prisoners in the Gulag system. In 1950 the camp was reorganized into a maximum security prison.

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