Although most famous prison-islands become museums, some still active.
Norwegian paradise for prisoners, a place where the hero of the novel “The Count of Monte Cristo” was serving his sentence in prison winemakers – all this and more in the compilation of the most famous islands-prisons in the world.
1. Spike Island in The Cork Harbor was once a Victorian prison. Convicts held here from 1847 to 1883.
2. The real hell on earth considered solitary confinement. On the island, killing more than a thousand prisoners. They are buried in unmarked mass graves.
3. Some fell on Spike because today is not considered a crime. They were sentenced to hard labor.
4. Today the island attracts many tourists.
Alcatraz, United States
Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay – the island that is not necessary to represent. He is well known for Hollywood movies and books. First appeared on the island of protective fort, then a military prison, and only then – a federal maximum security prison for dangerous criminals.
The prison operated on the island 30 years before closing in 1963. There were serving sentences of Al Capone, Machine Gun Kelly, and other criminals.
In 1973, the island opened to tourists. It is visited annually by about one million visitors.
Well all know the famous movie “The Rock” about the prison.
Robben Island, South Africa
This island in the Atlantic Ocean is 12 km from Cape Town. Robben Island The name means ‘seal island’ – once here were carried out in a number of these animals. From 1846 to 1931 on the island operated colony-leper colony, but here exiled not only leprosy but also the insane or considered.
Later, during apartheid, Robben Island served as a state prison maximum security. There were kept Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Robert Sobukwe and other fighters for rights and freedoms.
The last political prisoner left the island in 1991, but five years remained Robben Island prison.
Now the island is a World Heritage Site and a popular tourist destination.
Devil’s Island, French Guiana
At 13 km from the coast of French Guiana is Devil’s Island area of 14 hectares. In 1852-1952 years he served as a prison for dangerous criminals, and went down in history as one of the most notorious prisons in the history of hard.
Among murderers and thieves are held and political prisoners. Most of the 80,000 prisoners died on the island. One of the prisoners was unjustly accused French artillery captain Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish origin. Nowadays Bloody Island is annually visited by more than 50 thousand tourists.
Fire Island, Russia
The famous Vologda penny – one of the seven correctional colonies of special regime for life prisoners in Russia. Today in the IR-5 contains almost 200 prisoners. They are all guilty of the death of at least two people.
The colony is located in the former St. Cyril Novoezerskom monastery founded in 1517. After 1917, the monastery was turned into a prison for the “enemies of the revolution.”
Later there was a colony for political prisoners in the Gulag system. In 1950 the camp was reorganized into a maximum security prison.